kompose is a tool to help users familiar with docker-compose move to Kubernetes. It takes a Docker Compose file and translates it into Kubernetes resources.

View the project on GitHub kubernetes/kompose

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Architecture and Internal Design

kompose has 3 stages: Loader, Transformer and Outputter. Each Stage should have well defined interface so it is easy to write new Loader, Transformer or Outputters and plug it in. Currently only Loader and Transformer interfaces are defined.

Design Diagram


Loader reads input file (now kompose supports Docker Compose v1, v2 and Docker Distributed Application Bundle file) and converts it to KomposeObject.

Loader is represented by a Loader interface:

type Loader interface {
      LoadFile(file string) kobject.KomposeObject

Every loader “implementation” should be placed into kompose/pkg/loader (like compose & bundle). More input formats will be supported in future. You can take a look for more details at:


KomposeObject is Kompose internal representation of all containers loaded from input file. First version of KomposeObject looks like this (source: kobject.go):

// KomposeObject holds the generic struct of Kompose transformation
type KomposeObject struct {
	ServiceConfigs map[string]ServiceConfig

// ServiceConfig holds the basic struct of a container
type ServiceConfig struct {
	ContainerName string
	Image         string
	Environment   []EnvVar
	Port          []Ports
	Command       []string
	WorkingDir    string
	Args          []string
	Volumes       []string
	Network       []string
	Labels        map[string]string
	Annotations   map[string]string
	CPUSet        string
	CPUShares     int64
	CPUQuota      int64
	CapAdd        []string
	CapDrop       []string
	Entrypoint    []string
	Expose        []string
	Privileged    bool
	Restart       string
	User          string


Transformer takes KomposeObject and converts it to target/output format (at this moment, there are sets of kubernetes/openshift objects). Similar to Loader, Transformer is represented by a Transformer interface:

type Transformer interface {
     Transform(kobject.KomposeObject, kobject.ConvertOptions) []runtime.Object

If you wish to add more providers which contain different kind of objects, transformer would be the place to look into. At this moment Kompose supports Kubernetes (by default) and Openshift providers. More details at:


Outputter takes Transformer result and executes given action. For example action can be displaying result to stdout or directly deploying artifacts to Kubernetes/OpenShift.